Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis (Tdap)
Tdap is a combination vaccine used for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis.
1. Preventable Diseases
- Tetanus : It is an acute disease caused by toxins produced by Clostridium tetani.
Exposure to tetanus causes convulsive muscle contraction along with stiffness of skeletal muscle and has a very high mortality rate.
- Diphtheria : It is an acute, toxin-mediated respiratory infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheria.
- Pertussis : It is a deadly and highly contagious respiratory disease in newborn babies which is transmitted through direct contact or through droplet infection. It can be fatal for infants and children, accompanied with pneumonia due to dyspnoea, minor cramps and brain damage caused by hypoxia, and in severe cases, lead to death.
2. Vaccination Guide
- DTaP is given for children under the age of 7 and Tdap for teenagers and adults.
- Immunity from the vaccine usually lasts for 5-10 years after the last vaccination.
- Experts recommend additional Tdap injections once for teens and all adults over the age of 19 (including those aged 65 and above).
- Additional vaccinations are also recommended for each pregnancy period.
- It is recommended for pregnant women to be inoculated quickly after 27 to 36 weeks of pregnancy or after delivery, and strongly recommended for fertile women and those who are expected to have close contact with infants to be vaccinated.
Prevention of Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis for teens and adults over the age of 19
4. Vaccine Type
Adacel Inj. (Sanofi Pasteur)